Types or components of Planning

 

 TYPES OF PLANNING

 

  1. OPERATIONAL PLANNING

What is OPERATIONAL planning?

>short-range planning that deals with day-to-day maintenance activities

>performed at a unit or departmental level

>done as part of the overall strategic planning

Ex1: Unit Director plans a meeting of staff nurses to reinforce knowledge gained from orientation of new staff… may get endorsement from the Division Chief Nurse who has set her own staff development plan for the whole division.

Ex2: Unit Director reviews with staff medicine supplies

 

STEPS IN OPERATIONAL PLANNING

1. Set your objectives

2. Set your priorities

3. State your assumptions

4. Review any and all limitations

5. Develop your primary and back-up plans

6. Implement the plan

7. Set up a control system and follow up on progress and results

 

2. INTERMEDIATE PLANNING

 

What is INTERMEDIATE planning?

>a planning that is usually done in the middle of the fiscal year

>process: mid-year appraisal followed by affirming ongoing plans and setting forth new plans for the rest of the year

>often covers issues about performance, resources, and staff development

 

EXAMPLE OF MID-YEAR PLANNING & INTERVENTION IN A MID-YEAR EVALUATION MEETING, TEAM A REPORTS A WEAKNESS IN THE ORIENTATION PROGRAM GIVEN TO NEW SUPERVISING CLINICAL INSTRUCTOS FOR THE FIRST SEMESTER. INPUTS ABOUT THE ONCOLOGY AND INTENSIVE CARE UNITS WERE RATED POORLY. IN PREPARATION FOR THE 2ND SEMESTER ORIENTATION PROGRAM, IT WAS PLANNED TO GET A NEW TEAM MEMBER WHO HAS THE EXPERTISE OF THE TWO UNITS.

 

3. CONTINGENCY PLANNING

 

What is CONTINGENCY planning?

>managing the problems that interfere with getting work done

>could be reactive or proactive

Ex: 2 nurses for an 8-hour night shift in the emergency room called in sick…What contingency plans would you do?

 

4. STRATEGIC PLANNING

 

What is STRATEGIC planning?

>is defining and prioritizing long-term plans that includes examining an organization’s purpose, mission, philosophy and goals in the light of its external environment

>it is proactive and future-oriented, focuses on a 3-5 year operation of the organization

>it generally aims at creating an image of the desired future and design ways to make plans a reality

 

 

 

 

reference

http://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&cad=rja&ved=0CEIQFjAH&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.kmu.edu.pk%2Fins%2Fsites%2Fkmu.edu.pk.ins%2Ffiles%2FLectures%2Ftypes%2520of%2520planning.pdf&ei=YAIKU5CABo2MrgetyoD4BA&usg=AFQjCNFYrFQvf9bVQqKRhxXh4_v_-dR74Q&bvm=bv.61725948,d.bmk

http://www.cliffsnotes.com/more-subjects/principles-of-management/organizational-planning/detailing-types-of-plans]

http://www.trcollege.net/study-material/24-economics/43-meaning-and-types-of-planning

http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/types-of-planning-strategic-tactical-operational-contingency-planning.html#lesson

https://www.boundless.com/management/strategic-management/types-of-plans/overview-of-types-of-plans/

http://www.lic.wisc.edu/shapingdane/resources/planning/library/book/chapter02/chap2_1.htm

http://www.oakville.ca/business/types-of-planning-applications.html

 

 

 

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