Adding Links

 

The Image Tag and the Src Attribute

The <img> tag is empty, which means that it contains attributes only and it has no closing tag. To display an image on a page, you need to use the src attribute. Src stands for “source”. The value of the src attribute is the URL of the image you want to display on your page. The syntax of defining an image:

 

<img src=”graphics/chef.gif”>

chef

Not only does the source attribute specify what image to use, but where the image is located. The above image, graphics/chef.gif, means that the browser will look for the image name chef.gif in a graphics folder in the same folder as the html document itself.

 

Background and Table

 

HTML Backgrounds

Backgrounds

The <body> tag has two attributes where you can specify backgrounds. The background can be a color or an image.

 

Bgcolor

The bgcolor attribute specifies a background-color for an HTML page. The value of this attribute can be a hexadecimal number, an RGB value, or a color name:

<body bgcolor=”#000000″>

<body bgcolor=”rgb(0,0,0)”>

<body bgcolor=”black”>

The lines above all set the background-color to black.

 

Background

The background attribute can also specify a background-image for an HTML page. The value of this attribute is the URL of the image you want to use. If the image is smaller than the browser window, the image will repeat itself until it fills the entire browser window.

<body background=”clouds.gif”> <body background=”http://vidarbhastudents.com/html/graphics/clouds.gif”>

 

The URL can be relative (as in the first line above) or absolute (as in the second line above).

If you want to use a background image, you should keep in mind:

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